Problem with Pigmentation: We Got a Solution
Today's topic is one that I know many do struggle with, which is pigmentation or skin discolouration. I know that discolouration is something that can make one feel less confident and lower self confidence which is why I will walk you through the best tips and tricks to help your skin!
What is Skin Discolouration?
For those who do not know- hyperpigmentation is a part of your skin that appears to be darker. It can occur in large or small patches. The discolouration of skin can result in a prematurely aged appearance.
What Type of Pigmentation Do I Have?
There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Melasma is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body, but they appear most commonly on the stomach and face. Sunspots are related too excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. A common cause of this type is acne.
What Causes My Pigmentation?
All of our skin contains melanin, an occurring pigment that gives your skin colour. It is there to protect, which is why your skin becomes darker when exposed to sun without SPF.
While sun exposure is the most common cause of skin discoloration, a variety of factors can contribute such as genetics, hormonal fluctuations, acne, localized skin irritation, and other environmental aggressors such as pollution-induced free radicals. Aside from the cause, skin discoloration can be present as dark patches, isolated spots, or an overall darker facial appearance. It can be difficult to treat so prevention is key for managing skin discoloration in topical skincare. This requires diligent use of sunscreen (remember SPF every morning!!) and an effective topical vitamin C antioxidant (also part of your morning skin routine).
What Ingredients Should I look for in My Products?
Many products claim to get rid of your hyperpigmentation but usually the active ingredients are not present or are not added in high enough volumes to be effective. Well-studied ingredients include pure vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) and phloretin, potent antioxidants both featured in Phlroetin CF and Phloretin CF Gel from SkinCeuticals. Another ingredient, vitamin a, also known as Retinol which is a key ingredient shown to be effective and recommended by dermatologists. Other ingredients, kojic acid and arbutin, are both well-documented ingredients that work together to improve the appearance of unwanted discolouration, which SkinCeuticals offers as Discoloration Defence and Advanced Skin Discoloration Corrector. Lasty, Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, helps reduce the appearance of discoloration and blotchiness. SkinCeuticals Metacell Renewall B3 features niacinamide, another important ingredient in addressing discoloration.
Sunscreen is a must! SPF filters are essential for discolouration concerns because they protect from UV damage.
What Products Would I Recommend?
Are there any in-clinic Skin Discolouration Treatments to help improve Discoloured Skin?
- Clear and Brilliant Laser
- PCA Bright Chemical Peel
- Bela MD Gold
- Laser Genesis